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Irish Left Review
Joined up thinking for the Irish Left

offsite link New Books Worth Reading Mon Sep 19, 2016 23:25 | Seán Sheehan

offsite link 13 Billion ? Lucky for some? Mon Sep 05, 2016 13:04 | Tony Phillips

offsite link Rebuilding Ireland: Long on Promise, Short on Detail Mon Aug 29, 2016 22:20 | Eoin O'Mahony

offsite link Brexit and Other Issues: Comments on the Current Situation Mon Aug 29, 2016 21:52 | Brendan Young

offsite link Bin Charges: From Private Circus to Public Service Tue Jun 21, 2016 12:38 | Michael Taft

Irish Left Review >>

Spirit of Contradiction

offsite link What is Dogmatism and Why Does It Matter? Wed Mar 21, 2018 08:10 | Sylvia Smith

offsite link The Case of Comrade Dallas Mon Mar 19, 2018 19:44 | Sylvia Smith

offsite link Review: Do Religions Evolve? Mon Aug 14, 2017 19:54 | Dara McHugh

offsite link Fake News: The Epistemology of Media Wed Jun 07, 2017 11:52 | Gavin Mendel-Gleason

offsite link Officials and Provisionals Sat Apr 01, 2017 22:54 | James O'Brien

Spirit of Contradiction >>

Public Inquiry
Interested in maladministration. Estd. 2005

offsite link Citizenship status has been removed from the Irish people

offsite link Tuam babies: Minister Zappone to opt for cover-up? Anthony

offsite link Michael Clifford and the dark evils of Social Media Anthony

offsite link RTE presenter accidentally tells the truth Anthony

offsite link Orwell’s 1984 arrives in 2018 Ireland Anthony

Public Inquiry >>

The Saker
A bird's eye view of the vineyard

offsite link How Latvians, Estonians, and Lithuanians Appeared Sat Aug 18, 2018 19:51 | The Saker
By Ilya Polonsky Translated by Ollie Richardson and Angelina Siard cross posted with http://www.stalkerzone.org/how-latvia... source: https://topwar.ru/145696-kak-sformiro... Now, the Baltic states consist of three countries ? Latvia, Lithuania, and Estonia, which

offsite link UK Saker Community members: Sheikh Imran Hosein will be lecturing in the UK in Aug/Sept! Sat Aug 18, 2018 00:06 | The Saker
Dear friends, My dear friend Sheikh Imran Hosein will be lecturing in various cities across the UK (including Scotland!) in August and September.  If at all possible, I highly recommend

offsite link Solari Report quarterly interview with The Saker Fri Aug 17, 2018 19:57 | The Saker
Dear friends, Here is the latest installment of my quarterly conversations with Catherine Austin Fitts. This one was recorded on July the 28th. You can listen to the interview on

offsite link Filling the Vacuum Fri Aug 17, 2018 16:20 | The Saker
By Rostislav Ishchenko Translated by Ollie Richardson and Angelina Siard cross posted with http://www.stalkerzone.org/rostislav-... source: http://actualcomment.ru/zapolnenie-va... When the Western Roman Empire collapsed, in Europe the so-called dark centuries came there

offsite link ?The Death of Yazdgerd?: The greatest political movie ever explains Iran?s revolution Fri Aug 17, 2018 16:15 | The Saker
by Ramin Mazaheri for The Saker Blog I?d say it?s a pretty low bar to be the greatest political movie off all-time?. Perhaps movies are just too sensationalistic by nature

The Saker >>

Plastics found in almost 10% of whales and dolphins in Ireland

category national | environment | press release author Monday November 06, 2017 22:29author by Green News Report this post to the editors

Almost ten per cent of whales, dolphins, and porpoises examined as part of a new Irish study were found to have plastics in their digestive tracts.

The study ( https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0269...5204#! ) published in Environmental Pollution found that 8.5 per cent (45 individuals) of Irish cetaceans tested had marine debris in their stomachs and intestines.

Deep-diving offshore species such as True’s and Cuvier’s beaked whales ingested more plastics than individuals from coastal or pelagic species.

Data compiled from 1990-2015 on cetacean stranding and bycatch in Ireland was analysed in the study, with post-mortem examinations carried out on 528 digestive tracts from 11 species.
dolphin_and_plastic.jpg

If the study had only examined stranded cetaceans, the information may have been biased as these individuals could have been sick and therefore more likely to ingest marine debris, the researchers said.

The results indicate a much higher incidence of marine debris that reported in other parts of the world but this is likely due to the scale of the study, the largest of its kind to be conducted to date

Plastic bags and shotgun cartridges

Plastic bags, ice cream wrappers, fishing hooks and even shotgun cartridges were also recorded in the post mortem examinations.

The research was carried out by Galway-Mayo IT and University College Cork in collaboration with the Irish Whale and Dolphin Group (IWDG), who sourced the subjects for the study.

Dr Simon Berrow, Chief Science Officer of the IWDG and co-author on the study, said that large marine debris is now “widespread and consumed by nearly 10 per cent of those individuals studied”.

The study adds to the mounting evidence that plastics are negatively influencing biodiversity ( https://greennews.ie/can-turn-tide-marine-plastic-pollu...tion/ ) with one million seabirds and 100,000 marine mammals estimated to be killed each year due to ingestion and entanglement.

Global plastic production has increased 190-fold ( https://www.statista.com/statistics/282732/global-produ...1950/ ) between 1950 and 2015 and it is thought that plastics in the ocean will outweigh fish by 2050.

Microplastics

All individuals (21) examined for microplastics in the study were also found to contain at least one microplastic, according to the researchers.

The fact that microplastics were found in all whales, dolphins and porpoises examined demonstrate that these pollutants are now “ubiquitous in the marine environment”, Dr Berrow said.

Larger marine debris has been shown to cause medical complications for cetaceans and can lead to death. However, the impact of microplastics on whales and dolphins is not known.

Microplastics are tiny plastic granules, pellets, fibres, and fragments less than 5mm in diameter and are often as thin as a human hair.

In a recent study covering more than 12,700 km of the north-east Atlantic, Dr Amy Lusher found that more than 90 per cent of samples captured contained plastics.

Analysis of the samples indicated that 89 per cent of the captured plastics were in fact microplastics, the majority of which were fibres rather than microbeads.

A ground-breaking Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) report ( https://greennews.ie/epa-report-freshwater-microplastic...gmit/ ) published in June revealed for the first time evidence on the sources and scale of microplastic pollution in Ireland’s freshwater system.

One of the largest point sources of microplastics was identified in the report as urban wastewater treatment plants, receiving microplastics from a number of different sources.

The study also identified over 20 different species of molluscs, fish, birds, mammals and crustaceans that are potentially at risk from microplastic pollution, many of which are endangered, such as the freshwater pearl mussel.

Related Link: https://greennews.ie/microplastics-found-10-whales-dolphins-ireland/
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