New Events


no events posted in last week

Blog Feeds



offsite link Ukraine Buys Huge Amounts of Russian Fue... Fri Jan 20, 2023 08:34 | Antonia Kotseva

offsite link Turkey Has Sent Ukraine Cluster Munition... Thu Jan 12, 2023 00:26 | Jack Detsch

offsite link New Israeli Government Promises to Talk ... Tue Jan 10, 2023 21:13 | Al Majadeen

offsite link Russia Training Iranian Pilots Ahead of ... Tue Jan 10, 2023 15:19 | The Times of Israel

offsite link Lukashenko Abolishes Copyright Protectio... Tue Jan 10, 2023 15:05 | Nikki Main

Anti-Empire >>

The Saker
A bird's eye view of the vineyard

offsite link Alternative Copy of site is available Thu May 25, 2023 14:38 | Ice-Saker-V6bKu3nz
Alternative site: Site was created using the downloads provided Regards Herb

offsite link The Saker blog is now frozen Tue Feb 28, 2023 23:55 | The Saker
Dear friends As I have previously announced, we are now “freezing” the blog.  We are also making archives of the blog available for free download in various formats (see below). 

offsite link What do you make of the Russia and China Partnership? Tue Feb 28, 2023 16:26 | The Saker
by Mr. Allen for the Saker blog Over the last few years, we hear leaders from both Russia and China pronouncing that they have formed a relationship where there are

offsite link Moveable Feast Cafe 2023/02/27 ? Open Thread Mon Feb 27, 2023 19:00 | cafe-uploader
2023/02/27 19:00:02Welcome to the ‘Moveable Feast Cafe’. The ‘Moveable Feast’ is an open thread where readers can post wide ranging observations, articles, rants, off topic and have animate discussions of

offsite link The stage is set for Hybrid World War III Mon Feb 27, 2023 15:50 | The Saker
Pepe Escobar for the Saker blog A powerful feeling rhythms your skin and drums up your soul as you?re immersed in a long walk under persistent snow flurries, pinpointed by

The Saker >>

Public Inquiry
Interested in maladministration. Estd. 2005

offsite link Joe Duffy is dishonest and untrustworthy Anthony

offsite link Robert Watt complaint: Time for decision by SIPO Anthony

offsite link RTE in breach of its own editorial principles Anthony

offsite link Waiting for SIPO Anthony

offsite link Formal complaint against Robert Watt Anthony

Public Inquiry >>

Voltaire Network
Voltaire, international edition

offsite link What lies behind Benjamin Netanyahu's lies and Hamas's evasions, by Thierry Meys... Tue Nov 28, 2023 06:58 | en

offsite link Netanyahu fired defense minister in July because he warned of a Hamas attack, by... Mon Nov 27, 2023 06:56 | en

offsite link Voltaire, International Newsletter N°63 Sun Nov 26, 2023 07:26 | en

offsite link Israel arrests director of Al-Shifa hospital Thu Nov 23, 2023 12:56 | en

offsite link Extraordinary BRICS Summit on Gaza Genocide Wed Nov 22, 2023 09:59 | en

Voltaire Network >>

Direct Democracy: The Libyan Experiment

category international | rights, freedoms and repression | other press author Thursday September 22, 2011 13:39author by An Draigneán Donn Report this post to the editors

Libya is not only a republic. Officially, it does not call itself a ‘Jumhuriya’. Instead, it is described as a ‘Jamahiriya’, meaning a republic with a system of direct democracy. Not too many non-Libyans are aware that this North African country, conquered several times in the past - and which lost thousands of its citizens, including the legendary hero Omar Mukhtar, as martyrs, to colonialism - has been experimenting since the late 1970s with a governmental policy and practice that enables it to credit its own society as being ahead of a number of Western regimes that have habitually claimed to be the cradle of democracy.

A very interesting article, which shows that the NATO attacks on Libya are an attack on the development of genuine democracy, i.e. Direct Democracy, and an attempt to regress Libya to the kind of representation scam we have in Europe, which negates democracy:

Direct democracy: The Libyan experiment

by Prof. Dr. Türkkaya ATAÖV

The General People’s Congress held its first meeting in 1976, and “People’s Authority” was declared to have been established in early 1977. Since then, the Libyans claim to have announced the dawn of the era of the masses, or popular direct authority, as the basis of their political system. The man on the street, as much as the elite, believes that that the people exercise their authority through the popular congresses, the people’s committees and other bodies, and ultimately through the General People’s Congress.

Libya conceptualizes sovereignty and democracy in a different way. It has created institutional arrangements to give practical effect to these concepts. These institutions function in their own prescribed way to implement the notions of sovereignty and democracy so conceived. Short answers to these questions should be as follows: The decisions taken and implemented should reflect the sovereign will of the whole people, and not that of any class, clan, fraction or individual; they should be implemented in a way which reflects the sovereign will of the whole, not any part of it. The people, locally and nationally, should participate directly in decision-making and in the implementation of decisions, and should use their right to control the results. Hence, direct rule, not representation.

Full article:

 #   Title   Author   Date 
   Direct Democracy under attack     An DD    Thu Sep 22, 2011 13:43 
   Libyan Direct Democracy Explained     An DD    Thu Sep 22, 2011 18:38 
   NATO bombing the People's Meeting Halls     An DD    Mon Sep 26, 2011 16:24 
   Libya and the Left     SN    Mon Sep 26, 2011 18:27 
   Professors Paid by Qaddafi: Providing 'Positive Public Relations'     Jon Wiener    Mon Sep 26, 2011 18:40 
   Professors usually being paid by Somebody     An DD    Mon Sep 26, 2011 18:51 
   Double Standards     An DD    Mon Sep 26, 2011 19:02 
   SN     An DD    Mon Sep 26, 2011 19:06 
   DD     Poster    Tue Sep 27, 2011 12:05 
 10   Poster     An Draighneán Donn    Tue Sep 27, 2011 12:25 
 11   Chomsky     Poster    Tue Sep 27, 2011 12:41 
 12   Please stop trolling     An DD    Tue Sep 27, 2011 12:49 
 13   Evidence     Poster    Tue Sep 27, 2011 12:52 
 14   John Doe     An DD    Tue Sep 27, 2011 12:55 
 15   Trolling     An DD    Tue Sep 27, 2011 12:57 
 16   AN DD     Poster    Tue Sep 27, 2011 13:00 
 17   And now, lets get back to dicussing Direct Democracy     An DD    Tue Sep 27, 2011 13:10 
 18   "DD"     Poster    Tue Sep 27, 2011 13:18 
 19   I have every confidence that the readers of this site will make up their own minds     An DD    Tue Sep 27, 2011 13:20 
 20   Abuse     Poster    Tue Sep 27, 2011 13:22 
 21   Libyan Direct Democracy will be the back bone of the Resistance     An Draighneán Donn    Tue Sep 27, 2011 13:27 
 22   The truth is usually quite simple     An DD    Tue Sep 27, 2011 13:32 
 23   Article     Poster    Tue Sep 27, 2011 13:33 
 24   Direct Democracy had made great progress in Libya     An DD    Tue Sep 27, 2011 13:42 
 25   ?     Poster    Tue Sep 27, 2011 13:45 
 26   Unce you have tasted Direct Democracy...     An DD    Tue Sep 27, 2011 14:11 

Number of comments per page
© 2001-2023 Independent Media Centre Ireland. Unless otherwise stated by the author, all content is free for non-commercial reuse, reprint, and rebroadcast, on the net and elsewhere. Opinions are those of the contributors and are not necessarily endorsed by Independent Media Centre Ireland. Disclaimer | Privacy