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EU Blocks Fertilizer to 3rd World, Lamba... Tue Nov 29, 2022 00:25 | Anti-Empire
Vladimir Putin Jumps the Shark, Compares... Sun Nov 27, 2022 01:38 | Anti-Empire
How the US Could Have Prevented the Russ... Sat Nov 26, 2022 04:06 | Anti-Empire
Putin Talks Free Fertilizer for Hungry A... Fri Nov 25, 2022 14:04 | Anti-Empire
â€śTrusting the Planâ€ť in the Russian W... Sun Nov 20, 2022 12:03 | Anti-Empire
A bird's eye view of the vineyard
The Global South births a new game-changing payment system Wed Nov 30, 2022 16:48 | The Saker
by Pepe Escobar, first published at The Cradle and posted with the author?s permission Challenging the western monetary system, the Eurasia Economic Union is leading the Global South toward a
Great unsaid in US election: Love for ?forever war? is what cost Democrats Tue Nov 29, 2022 23:31 | The Saker
by Ramin Mazaheri and cross-posted with PressTV It is an American rite of passage to realise that the Democratic Party never achieves what they claim to want to achieve. Some
US paralyzed by Islamic Republic of Iran?s strategic swing Tue Nov 29, 2022 18:16 | The Saker
By Pepe Escobar cross-posted on PressTV and the Saker blog and posted with the author?s permission Iran?s parliament has just approved the accession of the Islamic Republic to the Shanghai
Will the US try to pull off a ?Grenada? in Serbia? Tue Nov 29, 2022 14:48 | The Saker
Remember the 1983 US invasion of Grenada aka “Operation Urgent Fury”? It all began on October 23, 1983 when two truck bombs blew up the buildings housing the US and
Moveable Feast Cafe 2022/11/29 ? Open Thread Tue Nov 29, 2022 08:00 | herb
2022/11/29 08:00:01Welcome to the ‘Moveable Feast Cafe’. The ‘Moveable Feast’ is an open thread where readers can post wide ranging observations, articles, rants, off topic and have animate discussions of
The Saker >>
News Round-Up Thu Dec 01, 2022 01:08 | Will Jones
A summary of the most interesting stories in the past 24 hours that challenge the prevailing orthodoxy about the virus and the vaccines, the ?climate emergency? and the supposed moral defects of Western civilisation.
The post News Round-Up appeared first on The Daily Sceptic.
Atlantic Hurricane Season Below Average in Latest Blow for Net Zero Alarmists Wed Nov 30, 2022 19:00 | Chris Morrison
In the latest blow to the climate alarmist 'extreme weather' agenda, the 2022 Atlantic hurricane season has finished below average, with just 14 tropical storms and two major hurricanes.
The post Atlantic Hurricane Season Below Average in Latest Blow for Net Zero Alarmists appeared first on The Daily Sceptic.
Britain ?Didn?t Need Boosters? as They Only Last ?70 Days? and Natural Immunity ?is Best?, Says Top ... Wed Nov 30, 2022 16:55 | Will Jones
Britain didn't need Covid booster jabs as they only last 70 days, top virus expert Sir John Bell has said, as he backed natural immunity and said letting the virus circulate is "the best way to protect the population".
The post Britain “Didn’t Need Boosters” as They Only Last “70 Days” and Natural Immunity “is Best”, Says Top Covid Adviser Sir John Bell appeared first on The Daily Sceptic.
Dr. Aseem Malhotra?s Warning has Reached Icelandic Sportsmen Who Push Back Against Covid Vaccine Man... Wed Nov 30, 2022 12:34 | Thorsteinn Siglaugsson
The Icelandic Handball Association is pushing back against a new international vaccine requirement after hearing dire warnings of serious heart problems due to Covid vaccination from Dr. Aseem Malhotra.
The post Dr. Aseem Malhotra’s Warning has Reached Icelandic Sportsmen Who Push Back Against Covid Vaccine Mandate appeared first on The Daily Sceptic.
What, No Cash?! Central Bank Digital Currency, Digital ID and Freedom Wed Nov 30, 2022 12:13 | Will Jones
The threat of digital ID and Government-monitored digital currency looms ever larger. Come to the Together Talks event on Dec 7th to hear a range of speakers an debate the pressing issues.
The post What, No Cash?! Central Bank Digital Currency, Digital ID and Freedom appeared first on The Daily Sceptic.
Lockdown Skeptics >>
Voltaire, international edition
Voltaire, International Newsletter N°16 Wed Nov 30, 2022 12:48 | en
Only the plurality of information can prevent war, by Thierry Meyssan Tue Nov 29, 2022 07:00 | en
Netanyahu government reconnects with "revisionist Zionism" Tue Nov 29, 2022 04:00 | en
Russia reverts to US biological military program abroad Mon Nov 28, 2022 14:17 | en
Zelensky trapped by Moscow and Washington, by Thierry Meyssan Tue Nov 22, 2022 07:02 | en
Voltaire Network >>
Skellig Michael: The Denial of History as State Policy
Monday November 06, 2006 14:02 by Hanshiro - The Tara Foundation thetarafoundation at yahoo dot ie
The Skelligs Rocks, 8 miles off the coast of Co. Kerry, constitute one of only two UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Ireland. However, the Office of Public Works (OPW) is currently engaged in reconstruction work there. On the South Peak of Skellig Michael, an altar, dating probably to the ninth century, has been destroyed by unsupervised workmen. In addition, there has been extensive rebuilding carried out on the main complex, which has led to considerable damage to the original structures. The work has proceeded without an Environmental Impact Assessment; while the Department of the Environment and OPW have argued that, because the Skelligs are a national monument (thus covered by the National Monuments Act 2004) and because the current work is part of an ongoing programme of conservation dating back to the 1980’s, neither an EIA nor planning permission is necessary.
According to UNESCO guidelines, a Management Plan for each World Heritage Site must be submitted, and made available in published form, to direct the management of the site and any preservation work deemed to be necessary. A “management strategy” was submitted to UNESCO at the time the Skelligs were inscribed on the World Heritage List, and despite a statement by the OPW/Department of Environment management team that a “Management Plan” was approved by UNESCO in 2002, in fact no such plan exists as yet. The management team also failed to inform UNESCO of the rebuilding work on the Skelligs before it was commenced, even though UNESCO guidelines state specifically that “specific reports and impact studies” must be submitted “each time exceptional circumstances occur or work is undertaken which may have an effect on the state of conservation of the property.
In addition to being a WHS, the Skellings is a Sanctuary Preservation Area and a Bird Sanctuary, and as such any work carried out there without an Environmental Impact Assessment contravenes the EU Habitats Directive. No explanation has so far been forthcoming from the OPW on how it managed to secure a dispensation from the Directive.
ICOMOS (International Council on Monuments and Sites) have issued a series of charters intended to serve as a guide for restoration work. The “Nara Document on Authenticity” from 1994 states: “Conservation of cultural heritage in all its forms and historical periods is rooted in the values attributed to the heritage. Our ability to understand these values depends, in part, on the degree to which information sources about these values may be understood as credible or truthful. Knowledge and understanding of these sources of information, in relation to original and subsquent characteristics of the cultural heritage, and their meaning, is a requisite basis for assessing all aspects of authenticity.” The Venice Charter (1964) is intended as a guide to the thinking behind restoration work. It states: “Wherever the traditional setting exists, it must be kept… No new construction, demolition or modification which would alter the relations of mass and colour must be allowed… The process of restoration is a highly specialized operation… It must stop at the point where conjecture begins, and in this case moreover any extra work which is indispensible must be distinct from the architectureal composition and must bear a contemporary stamp. The restoration any case must be preceded and followed by an archaeological and historical study of the monument… The valid contributions of all periods to the building of a monument must be respected, since unity of style is not the aim of restoration.”
Despite the contention of the Department of Environment that the works being carried out are “minimal”, photographic evidence demonstrates widespread and systematic rebuilding of stonework in a manner completely at variance with the previously extant remains. Examples of the OPW’s cavalier interpretation of their international obligations are the following: in the main monastic complex, an altar that was in use by pilgrims up to the 1930s has been removed, on the grounds that it was “merely” built by the nineteenth century lighthouse keepers, and a nineteenth century wall was replaced by a new wall on the lines of the original early Christian retaining wall. The management team have referred to the deformation of the upper terrace walls and their reconstruction of the walls “on the original line of the wall being repaired”. This is reconstruction according to a preconceived notion of how the remains should look, not investigation of the existing remains; in other words, anything which does not fit the management team’s ideas of what is “early Christian” is removed, and worse, remains are dismantled and reordered into what the management team have decided they should look like.
This approach to archaeology, the idea that the accumulated layers should be respected rather than being simply stripped away as of no interest to reveal the “original” layer underneath, is based on a deeply flawed and mistaken ideology. Unfortunately, it seems to have attained to the level of a professional craze; in Italy, numerous masterpieces such as Michaelangelo’s Sistine ceiling and Last Supper have been “restored” according to the notions of art historians, with not the slightest appreciation of the importance of preserving the essence of an artwork as a historical fact. The layers of history cannot be stripped back to reveal a supposedly “original” essence; the desire to do this is a desire to deny that history has intervened between the creation of the work and its ultimate reception by the “restorer”, and it is also to deny that the ways in which a work was understood and received through the centuries has any importance to one’s own standpoint. The consequences of this can be immediately and painfully registered: just as the “restorers” of the Sistine ceiling have remade it according to their own limited aesthetic and historical perceptions, and in the process deprived it of much of its value, the OPW have engaged in a programme of dehistoricizing the Skelligs, thus asserting that there is no difference between the remains they reorder and their own understanding of them. In case there should be any dispute as to this understanding, all evidence of the intervening history must be cleared away, the slate wiped clean.
This denial of history, the notion that the accumulated layers of the past can be swiped aside to enable immediate access to the object, achieves the very reverse of what it professes: such an understanding reforms the object in its own image until it sees nothing but its own reflection there. Such an attitude can only be labelled cultural fascism, and it is the ideology that governs the State’s archeological and cultural policy.